Peony Growing Tips

Peonies are long-lived perennials, so it is worth the effort to prepare the site well and purchase quality plants. Peonies are one of the least demanding perennials giving outstanding bloom and all season foliage on disease and pest resistant plants.


Soil:
Peonies prefer a sunny well drained site. Dig a hole larger that the root and amend the soil with compost or bonemeal. Very well aged manure may be used in moderation. Peonies will not survive in waterlogged soil.


Planting a) Herbaceous Peonies:
Place the peony root in the prepared hole and backfill. The crown buds should be no more than 2 inches below the soil surface. If planted too deep, they may not flower for several years. Plant potted peonies at the same depth as they are in the pots.
b) Intersectional (Itoh) Peonies
are planted so the top eyes are planted just below the surface and the buds on the root are about 2 inches below the surface.
c) Tree peonies
will be shipped with tags indicating the correct planting depth. They will be planted a few inches deeper than they were previously since this will encourage more roots to develop on the tree peony stems.


Watering:
Peonies are drought tolerant but benefit from watering during periods of prolonged dryness especially in the first growing season. If you mulch your garden, do not put mulch over the crown.


After Flowering:
When the peonies have finished flowering, cut off the spent blooms but leave as much foliage as possible to promote strong roots.


Winter Care:
In September, herbaceous and intersectional peonies are cut off close to the ground but the stems of tree peonies are left since they are woody shrubs. Remove all types of peony foliage from the garden to help prevent spread of any possible disease or fungus.

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